Occupation and creeping annexation by Russia

Since the August 2008 Russian-Georgian war the two Georgian separatist regions Abkhazia and South Ossetia are under de-facto Russian occupation. Russia recognized the self-declared independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia quickly after the war. This was aimed at legitimizing their military presence, circumventing the 2008 6-point ceasefire agreement, with the pretense of “protecting” the regions. Internationally, the regions have only been recognized by a handful Kremlin friendly states: Venezuela, Nicaragua, Syria and Nauru.

The site aims to track (security) incidents and developments related to the administrative boundary lines (ABL) and Russian activities in the two regions. Furthermore, an overview is provided of military infrastructure which has been setup in South Ossetia and Abkhazia since 2009. The infrastructure facilitates Russian (occupation) forces and its active deployment along the boundary.

To provide an overview of the incidents they have been mapped. Note: not all incidents in recent years have been mapped (yet).

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Humanitarian impact

Every year many (Georgian) civilians get arrested and detained by Russian or South Ossetian “border guards”, only to be freed by paying a large fine. Since 2013 various sections of the ABL have been “borderized”, mostly in the populated southern area of South Ossetia. “Borderization” means the construction of barriers like fences, barbed wire, trenches and placing border signs. It is designed to slowly create an “official (international) border” instead of an internal administrative (provincial) boundary line.

Borderization has caused the separation of villages and communities, while civilians are prohibited to move freely to their farmland. Besides the human rights consequences, these are highly psychological and intimidating moves. Every incident continues to arouse public outcry in the entire Georgian nation.